Tìm theo
Các tên gọi khác (12 ) :
  • (6S)-5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid
  • (6S)-Folinic acid
  • (6S)-Leucovorin
  • (S)-Leucovorin
  • Citrovorum factor
  • Folinic acid
  • L-Folinic acid
  • L-leucovorin
  • Levofolene
  • Levofolinic acid
  • Levoleucovorin
  • N-[4-({[(6S)-2-amino-5-formyl-4-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydropteridin-6-yl]methyl}amino)benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid
Thuốc Gốc
Small Molecule
CAS: 1492-18-8
ATC: V03AF03
ĐG : APP Pharmaceuticals , http://www.apppharma.com
CTHH: C20H23N7O7
PTK: 473.4393
The active metabolite of folic acid. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid. [PubChem]
Nhận Dạng Quốc Tế & Đặc Tính Hóa Học
Công thức hóa học
Phân tử khối
Monoisotopic mass
InChI Key
(2S)-2-{[4-({[(6S)-2-amino-5-formyl-4-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydropteridin-6-yl]methyl}amino)phenyl]formamido}pentanedioic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name
(2S)-2-{[4-({[(6S)-2-amino-5-formyl-4-oxo-1,6,7,8-tetrahydropteridin-6-yl]methyl}amino)phenyl]formamido}pentanedioic acid
NC1=NC(=O)C2=C(NC[[email protected]](CNC3=CC=C(C=C3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(O)=O)N2C=O)N1
Độ tan chảy
245 ºC
Độ hòa tan
pKa (strongest acidic)
pKa (Strongest Basic)
215.55 Å2
126.46 m3·mol-1
44.58 Å3
Rotatable Bond Count
H Bond Acceptor Count
H Bond Donor Count
Physiological Charge
Number of Rings
MDDR-Like Rule
Dược Lực Học : Leucovorin is one of several active, chemically reduced derivatives of folic acid. It is useful as an antidote to drugs which act as folic acid antagonists. Leucovorin is a mixture of the diastereoisomers of the 5-formyl derivative of tetrahydrofolic acid (THF). The biologically active compound of the mixture is the (-)-l-isomer, known as Citrovorum factor or (-)-folinic acid. Leucovorin does not require reduction by the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase in order to participate in reactions utilizing folates as a source of “one-carbon” moieties. Administration of leucovorin can counteract the therapeutic and toxic effects of folic acid antagonists such as methotrexate, which act by inhibiting dihydrofolate reductase. Leucovorin has also been used to enhance the activity of fluorouracil.
Cơ Chế Tác Dụng : The active metabolite of folic acid. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid. [PubChem] As leucovorin is a derivative of folic acid, it can be used to increase levels of folic acid under conditions favoring folic acid inhibition (following treatment of folic acid antagonists such as methotrexate). Leucovorin enhances the activity of fluorouracil by stabilizing the bond of the active metabolite (5-FdUMP) to the enzyme thymidylate synthetase.
Dược Động Học :
▧ Absorption :
Following oral administration, leucovorin is rapidly absorbed. The apparent bioavailability of leucovorin was 97% for 25 mg, 75% for 50 mg, and 37% for 100 mg.
▧ Protein binding :
▧ Metabolism :
Hepatic and intestinal mucosal, the main metabolite being the active 5-methyltetrahydrofolate. Leucovorin is readily converted to another reduced folate, 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate, which acts to stabilize the binding of fluorodeoxyridylic acid to thymidylate synthase and thereby enhances the inhibition of this enzyme.
▧ Half Life :
6.2 hours
Độc Tính : LD50>8000 mg/kg (orally in rats). Excessive amounts of leucovorin may nullify the chemotherapeutic effect of folic acid antagonists.
Chỉ Định : For the treatment of osteosarcoma (after high dose methotrexate therapy). Used to diminish the toxicity and counteract the effects of impaired methotrexate elimination and of inadvertent overdosages of folic acid antagonists, and to treat megaloblastic anemias due to folic acid deficiency. Also used in combination with 5-fluorouracil to prolong survival in the palliative treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer.
Tương Tác Thuốc :
  • Glucarpidase Do not administer leucovorin within 2 hours of glucarpidase due to the fact that leucovorin is degraded by glucarpidase.
  • Trimethoprim The efficacy of Trimethoprim may be reduced by Leucovorin (folinic acid). The antibiotic, Trimethoprim, acts by blocking bacterial folic acid metabolism. Leucovorin may reduce the efficacy of Trimethoprim by providing an alternate source of folic acid. The therapeutic effect of Trimethoprim should be closely monitored.
Liều Lượng & Cách Dùng : Liquid - Intravenous
Solution - Intravenous
Tablet - Oral
Dữ Kiện Thương Mại
Giá thị trường
Nhà Sản Xuất
  • Công ty :
    Sản phẩm biệt dược : Fusilev
  • Công ty :
    Sản phẩm biệt dược : Uzel
  • Công ty :
    Sản phẩm biệt dược : Wellcovorin
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